The Pentagon is pushing back against a new law requiring that it compile data from 5-year spending plans into a single public digital database.
The Department of Defense has yet to comply with the 2018 legislation and now wants to overturn it, saying that the database could be mined and classified information inferred, revealing important strategic information to Americas foes.
However, some analysts and politicians have shown distaste for the Pentagons proposal to unpick the new requirement, saying such transparency ultimately will strengthen the militarys strategic hand.
Every year, the Department of Defense creates a detailed classified projection of spending for the next five years—the Future Years Defense Program (FYDP)—for its own internal planning purposes.
Information from that program, with its complex coding system, is made available to Congress along with the annual budget proposal proper.
“The FYDP is generally submitted to the congressional committees with jurisdiction over defense matters, “according to the Congressional Research Service. “While the data structure of the FYDP is unclassified, the actual FYDP data is classified.”
Congress Demanded a Single Database
But until now, that information hasnt come as a single cross-referenced set of data and no formal unclassified version is available.
In 2017, Congress tried to address that by adding an amendment into the 2018 National Defense Authorization Act, said Frederico Bartels, the top defense budget analyst at the Heritage Foundation.
“In FY 2018, the NDAA requested that DoD consolidates all of this 5-year projection data into one unclassified document and submitted that to Congress, to the Congressional Research Service, to the Comptrollers offices and a few other institutions,” he said.
That change is exactly what the Pentagon now wants to undo, Bartels told The Epoch Times.
“What they dont want to do is to consolidate all of that data in those documents that Congress requested and that would necessarily give visibility into areas that nowadays they dont allow any visibility.”
Those areas include things like operations and maintenance expenditures and military personnel projections, says Bartels.
In its four-page explanation, the proposal states: “The FYDP is designed as an internal Department of Defense (DoD) decision tool. It presents a coherent view of the Departments program, and to be of use the FYDP must integrate classified and unclassified information and make their relationships explicit.
“The Department is concerned that attempting publication of unclassified FYDP data might inadvertently reveal sensitive information. With the ready availability of data mining tools and techniques, and the large volume of data on the Departments operations and resources already available in the public domain, additional unclassified FYDP data, if it were released, potentially allows adversaries to derive sensitive information by compilation about the Departments weapons development, force structure, and strategic plans.”
The Pentagon says that the data would be greater in breadth and depth than in any other document it currently produces.
“The Department would welcome discussions on an alternative that would provide the Congress with the information they require to satisfy their oversight requirements,” says the document.
The FAS has criticized the proposal.
Defense is a Team Sport
“At a time when it is clear to everyone that U.S. national security spending is poorly aligned with actual threats to the nation, the DoD proposal would make it even harder for Congress and the public to refocus and reconstruct the defense budget,” said the FAS.
After the FAS drew attention to the proposal, the Pentagon clarified that it would continue to provide the same classified information as before, but that it was only pushing back against the 2018 amendment.
“The 2018 NDAA required a formal unclassified version of the FYDP report,” a Pentagon spokesperson said in a statement to Military.com. “The Department has not to date complied with that request because we are very concerned that providing that level of detail for the outyears might put critical information at risk and breach classification standards.”
Bartels says the main problem with the DoDs proposal is that it denies other parts of the defense system—including Congress, the defense industry, and analysts—to fully play their role.
“Like it or not, national defense in the U.S. is a team sport,” he said. “Its not just about the DoD having the best, most awesome plan and implementing that. It needs to navigate through Congress, it needs to navigate through the administration and it needs to navigate through the public as well. The public has to have an understanding of where the defense plan is going in order to evaluate by themselves as well.”
He says that “crowd-sourced” scrutiny is a great strength. “Thats why autocratic societies are so brittle, while democratic societies are resilient—because things are in the open, so people point out mistakes before those mistakes compound”
Bartels said that compared to most nations, and even compared to other departments, the U.S. Department of Defense generally has a very high level of transparency regarding military spending.
However, he said that transparency has frosted up a little in recent years, especially when Secretary James Mattis was at the helm in 2017.
Thomas Mahnken, a former Pentagon official and now CEO of the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, also notes the same shift under Mattis.
We Can Do Both
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