Why the French are revolting against Emmanuel Macron’s national service programme
No ones serious at 17, French poet Arthur Rimbaud once wrote. Could Emmanuel Macron prove him wrong? The president is putting French youth to the test with a new programme fulfilling <a href="https://www.france24.com/fr/20170318-emmanuel-macron-service-national-obligatoire-presidentielle-2017" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">his campaign promise</a> to reintroduce national service: the <a href="https://www.gouvernement.fr/service-national-universel-snu" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">universal national service (SNU)</a> in which 16 and 17-year-olds will serve for a month. Its purpose? To “promote the concept of commitment and to foster a sense of national unity around common values”.
A more inclusive and socially-minded version of traditional French military service (women are conscripted too), which was abolished in 1997 (the final conscripts left in 2002), the SNU is currently in its test phase. The <a href="http://www.jeunes.gouv.fr/actualites/zoom-sur/article/service-national-universel-je-m" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">first sessions started last week</a>, with 2,038 young volunteers welcomed for two weeks in 13 centres across France.
The SNU day begins at 6:30am with a daily ceremony of <a href="https://twitter.com/Jeunes_gouv/status/1141963966341533696" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">flag-raising and “Marseillaise” chanting</a>. The uniform-clad teenagers are then invited to take part in various community activities, all aimed at enhancing the participants “social and territorial cohesion”, their “understanding of the national defense and security stakes”, and their “culture of commitment”, according to the SNUs website (which adds: “the SNU is not the restoration of the military service, suspended in 1997”).
“The goal of the SNU is that you learn as much from the activities and workshops as from one another,” Gabriel Attal, the French minister tasked with developing the programme, <a href="https://twitter.com/Jeunes_gouv/status/1141963966341533696" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">told the first volunteers</a> at the launch of the pilot on 17 June. Sibeth Ndiaye, the governments spokesperson, <a href="https://twitter.com/Jeunes_gouv/status/1140564362865852416" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">added</a> that the SNU was “an incredible chance” that she could only have “dreamed of” when she was 15 (despite being the child of a diplomat and a high-ranking judge).
Not all teenagers may agree with her. For now, the programme is voluntary, but it will become mandatory for all youths in a few years. All will be required to attend the month-long first phase (two weeks in residency and another two weeks in smaller groups). A longer, second period of training in various sectors (police, defence, environment) will remain optional, offering “credits” to its volunteers (such as easier access to university place or drivers licence, and possible remuneration).
The government has warned that those who dont complete the programme will suffer sanctions, such as being banned from taking their <em>baccalauréat</em> (A-levels) and their driving test. This will, in turn, complicate their professional life: the <em>bac</em> is a prerequisite for attending university and many jobs require an ability to drive. Faced with such sanctions, young people will have to suddenly become very serious at 17, in defiance of Rimbauds rhyme, or risk compromising their whole future.
It did not take long for the SNU launch to spark controversy. Firstly because, with a bill around €1.6bn, the programmes cost is substantial, especially compared to the €70m that the government recently allocated at the 11th hour to ease the emergency service crisis across the country. <a href="https://www.bfmtv.com/societe/crise-aux-urgences-le-mouvement-ne-cesse-de-s-amplifier-131-services-en-greve-1716129.html" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">Workers from more than 130 services are currently striking</a> in protest at budget cuts and deteriorating working conditions. Shouldnt struggling hospitals come before a well-meant, but hardly urgent, youth programme?
More criticism followed when young volunteers at the SNU centre, in Evreux, Normandy, <a href="https://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/une-vingtaine-de-jeunes-du-service-national-universel-font-un-malaise-en-pleine-ceremonie_2085040.html" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">fainted by the dozen</a> having been forced to stand under the blazing sun for the duration of an official event on their second day of service. In total, almost <a href="http://www.leparisien.fr/societe/evreux-29-jeunes-du-service-national-universel-font-un-malaise-en-pleine-ceremonie-19-06-2019-8096430.php" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">30 teenagers</a> needed medical assistance, with two severely affected and one evacuated by the fire department. “Its not normal to leave 15 and 16-year-olds under the sun for an hour and a half,” a medical student who assisted with first aid <a href="https://twitter.com/konbininews/status/1141352296841961472" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">told the French media</a>.
But the authorities were unrepentant: the “light hot flushes”, the youths suffered, <a href="https://www.bfmtv.com/societe/evreux-28-jeunes-du-service-national-universel-victimes-d-un-malaise-lors-d-une-ceremonie-1715528.html#content/contribution/edit" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">they said</a>, were not due to the heat but to “a form of emotion linked to the solemn nature of the ceremony”.
This incident may prove only a slight bump on the SNUs glorious road, but such a lack of seriousness is troubling, not least as the programmes own timetable requires children to wake at 6:30am and go to sleep at 10:30pm. Under <a href="https://www.service-public.fr/particuliers/vosdroits/F2216" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">French child labour law</a>, the volunteers are entitled to at least 12 hours of consecutive rest — a rule not respected by the intense programme.
When the first photos emerged from the pilot programme, many on the French left, criticised the austere military appearance of a national service that, supposedly, is “not a restoration” of its abolished predecessor. On social media, some went as far as to compare <a href="https://twitter.com/Nantes_Revoltee/status/1141319922942971904" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank">the uniformed youths ordered ranks</a> to those of the fictional students in the German film <em>Die Welle</em> (<em>The Wave</em>), in which an educational project spirals out of control and breeds a fascist student movement.
Unlike the former French national service, no exemptions from SNU will be permitted. Conscripts used to be able to choose between the military programme and an alternative “civil” service, for instance a year-long stint in a public institution.
Those who chose the sec<a href="https://www.newstatesman.com/world/europe/2019/06/why-french-are-revolting-against-emmanuel-macrons-national-service-programme" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank"><strong>Read More – Source</strong></a>